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New Study shows better cardiorespiratory fitness leads to longer life

cardiorespiratory

Researchers from Cleveland Clinic have found that better cardiorespiratory fitness leads to longer life, with no limit on the positive effects of aerobic fitness.

They retrospectively studied 122,007 patients who underwent treadmill exercise testing at Cleveland Clinic between Jan. 1, 1991, and Dec. 31, 2014, to measure all-cause mortality relating to the benefits of exercise and fitness. The paper was published on October 19, 2018 in the Journal of the American Medical Association Network Open.

Researchers found that increased cardiorespiratory fitness was directly associated with reduced long-term mortality, with no limit on the positive effects of aerobic fitness. Extreme aerobic fitness was associated with the greatest benefit, particularly in older patients (70 and older) and in those with hypertension.

“Aerobic fitness is something that most patients can control. And we found in our study there is no limit to how much exercise is too much,” said Wael Jaber, M.D., Cleveland Clinic.

Recent observational studies1922 have described adverse cardiovascular findings associated with habitual vigorous exercise and have raised new questions regarding the benefits of exercise and fitness.  But this latest study found that extreme fitness provided additional survival benefit over more modest levels of fitness.

“We were particularly interested in the relationship between extremely high fitness and mortality” said Kyle Mandsager, M.D.

The patients were divided into five performance groups – elite, high, above average, below average and low. Elite performers were having aerobic fitness in the top two and half percent by age and gender, and demonstrated fitness levels comparable to endurance athletes. Long-term survival was adjusted for a patient’s age, sex, height, weight, BMI, medications and comorbidities.

On analysis by age, the survival benefit of elite versus high performance was most notable in older patients. In those over the age of 70, elite performers had a nearly 30 percent reduced risk of mortality compared to high performers. In younger age groups there was no statistical difference in outcomes between elite and high performers.

On analysis by comorbidities, all-cause mortality inversely related to cardiorespiratory fitness and was lowest in the elite performers. For those patients with hypertension, the elite performers again showed a nearly 30 percent reduction in all-cause mortality compared to high performers. For all other comorbidity subgroups there was no statistical difference in survival rates between the elite and high performers.

Here one must understand that this study analyzed findings over a large population, and individuals should always check with their doctor before joining an exercise program.

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Conclusion

Cardiorespiratory fitness is a modifiable indicator of long-term mortality, and health care professionals should encourage patients to achieve and maintain high levels of fitness.

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The Benefits of Healthy Food Recipes

healthy food recipes

In recent times, pills have started replacing food. There are pills for everything. Pills to control blood pressure, blood sugar levels, cholesterol and even sleep. Then, of course, there are other types of pills called nutritional supplements. Modern man has started consuming medicines as food. But the truth is, humans today are many times sicker than the humans of any era. All these diseases come under lifestyle diseases. It is the result of our faulty lifestyle. We all know that by correcting our lifestyle, we can prevent them. For that, we require healthy food recipes.

By changing our daily dietary habits we can lead a disease-free and healthy life. Let us look at the way these healthy food recipes work.

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Diabetes:

Diabetes is not a disease, but the adaptation by the body after being overburdened with refined carbohydrates intake. Since it is not a disease, the condition can be normal in a few days. This may seem surprising, but it is true. The important step is to stop eating refined carbohydrates.

Hypertension:

Let me ask you a question.

  1. High blood pressure leads to heart disease and stroke.
  2. Risk of stroke/heart disease leads to high blood pressure.

Which of these statements is true?

For many of us, ‘a’ seems to be the correct answer. If you see the logic behind ‘b’ then you will realize that like diabetes, high blood pressure is also an adaptation by the body, in response to an obstacle in the blood vessel. A hypertension patient can reverse his condition in a few days by following high Nitric Oxide producing diet even if the patient has been on hypertension medication for the last 10-15 years.

Cancer:

Everyone is afraid of cancer. Cancer is no deadlier than the common cold. Cancerous cells are routinely formed and eliminated from our body. It has been proven, which includes “The China Study”, that when Cancer patients are fed with oxygen-rich plant-based diet, it can result in the elimination of tumor from their bodies. Some patients of lung and blood cancer have recovered from advanced stage cancer in just 3 months. Food can work on our body as medicine and completely replace the need for medication. You must also understand the danger of so-called nutritional supplements and life-saving drugs.

That is the magic of healthy food recipes.

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